ACM CHI 2024 Workshop on 

Human-Centered Explainable AI (HCXAI)

May 12, 2024 (hybrid)

Main Event at HCXAI 2024

Janet Haven is the executive director of Data & Society. She has worked at the
intersection of technology policy, governance, and accountability for more than twenty
years, both domestically and internationally. Janet is a member of the National Artificial Intelligence Advisory Committee (NAIAC), which advises the president on a range of issues related to artificial intelligence. She writes and speaks regularly on matters related to technology and society, federal AI research and development, and AI governance and policy. Before joining Data & Society, Janet spent more than a decade at the Open Society Foundations leading a global grantmaking program on technology, accountability, and human rights.

Kush R. Varshney is an IBM Fellow responsible for innovations in AI governance. He is based at the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center where he directs the trustworthy machine intelligence and human-centered artificial intelligence teams. He co-founded the IBM Science for Social Good initiative in 2016, created the AI Fairness 360 and AI Explainability 360 open-source toolkits in 2018-2019, was a visiting scientist at IBM Research – Africa in 2019, and published the book “Trustworthy Machine Learning” in 2022.

Schedule and Proceedings

All times refer to Hawaii Standard Time (HST)
09:00 - Workshop Introduction
09:30 - Keynote and Discussion
10:30 - Coffee Break
11:00 - Paper Session #1
11:30 - Paper Session #2
12:00 - Paper Session #3
14:00 - Poster Spotlight Videos & Discussion (2-min videos per paper)
14:30 - Group Work Introduction
14:45 - Group Work
16:00 - Coffee Break
16:30 - Group Work Presentations
17:15 - Open Discussion - the Future of HCXAI
17:45 - Wrap-up & Closing

Paper Session #1: Personalization (5-min presentation per paper)

Paper Session #2: Consideration of Stakeholders (5-min presentation per paper)

Paper Session #3: Large Language Models (5-min presentation per paper)


Poster Spotlight Session

Important Dates

Submission Deadlines

Papers: F̶e̶b̶r̶u̶a̶r̶y̶ ̶2̶1̶,̶ ̶2̶0̶2̶4̶,̶ ̶2̶3̶:̶5̶9̶,̶ ̶A̶o̶E̶ 
February 28, 2024, 23:59, AoE
Videos: March 5, 2024, 23:59, AoE

Acceptance Notifications

March 25, 2024

Camera Ready Deadline

April 5, 2024

Call for Papers

Explainability is an essential pillar of Responsible AI. Explanations can improve real-world efficacy, provide harm mitigation levers, and serve as a primary means to ensure humans’ right to understand and contest decisions made about them by AI systems. In ensuring this right, XAI can foster equitable, efficient, and resilient Human-AI collaboration. In this workshop, we serve as a junction point of cross-disciplinary stakeholders of the XAI landscape, from designers to engineers, from researchers to end-users. The goal is to examine how human-centered perspectives in XAI can be operationalized at the conceptual, methodological, and technical levels. Consequently, we call for position papers making justifiable arguments (up to 4 pages excluding references) that address topics involving the who (e.g., relevant diverse stakeholders), why (e.g., social/individual factors influencing explainability goals), when (e.g., when to trust the AI’s explanations vs. not) or where (e.g., diverse application areas, XAI for actionability or human-AI collaboration, or XAI evaluation). Papers should follow the CHI Extended Abstract format and be submitted through the workshop’s submission site ( All accepted papers will be presented, provided at least one author attends the workshop and registers at least one day of the conference. Further, contributing authors are invited to provide their views in the form of short panel discussions with the workshop audience. With an effort towards an equitable discourse, we particularly welcome participation from the Global South and from stakeholders whose voices are underrepresented in the dominant XAI discourse. 

All accepted papers must have at least one author register and attend the workshop. CHI has now the option for workshop-only registration. This makes our workshop accessible (registration cost-wise) if it's the only thing you are coming for. Further, contributing authors are invited to provide their views in the form of short panel discussions with the workshop audience. In addition to papers, we will host the video track again in 2024 (“The Good and the Bad of XAI: Provocations & Evocations”). Participants submit 90-second videos with provocative content (for example, design fiction, speculative design, or other creative ideas) discussing the future of XAI and human-AI interactions.
The following list of guiding questions, by no means, is an exhaustive one; rather, it is provided as source of inspiration:

  • From an HCXAI angle, how should we think about the explainability of LLMs given the challenges of translating multi-billion-parameter models into meaningful and accessible explanations for lay users?
  • Just because LLMs can respond to why-questions, does that mean LLMs can “explain” themselves?
  • All LLMs hallucinate. How might we use HCXAI to detect hallucinations & mitigate negative effects?
  • How do we address the power dynamics in XAI? Whose “voices” are represented in AI explanations? Who gets to say what explanations users see?
  • How should we practice Responsible AI when it comes to XAI? How might we mitigate risks with explanations, what risks would those be, and how does risk mitigation map to different stakeholders?
  • How can we create XAI Impact Assessments (similar to Algorithmic Impact Assessments)?
  • How should organizations/creators of XAI systems be held accountable to prevent “ethics washing” (the practice of ethical window dressing where “lip service” is provided around AI ethics)?
  • How might we design XAI systems that are dark-pattern resistant—how might we hinder AI explanations from being weaponized for over-reliance or over-adoption?
  • Can we reconcile the tension between XAI and privacy? If yes, how? If no, why?
  • Given the contextual nature of explanations, what are the potential pitfalls of standardized evaluation metrics? How might we take into account the who, why, and where in the evaluation methods?
  • How might explanations be designed for actionability, to provide action-oriented nudges to enable users to become better collaborators with AI systems?
  • How might we address XAI issues in the Global South (MajorityWorld)?
  • How should we think about explanations in physical systems (e.g., self-driving cars) vs. those in non-physical ones (e.g., automated lending)? Are there effectively the same? Are they different?
  • What steps should we take to hold organizations/creators of XAI systems accountable and prevent “ethics washing” (the practice of ethical window dressing where ‘lip service’ is provided around AI ethics)? 
  • From an AI governance perspective, how can we address perverse incentives in organizations that might lead to harmful effects (e.g., privileging growth and AI adoption above all else)? 
  • How do we address power dynamics in the XAI ecosystem to promote equity and diversity? 
  • What are issues in the Global South that impact Human-centered XAI? Why? How might we address them? 


Researchers, practitioners, or policy makers in academia or industry who have an interest in these areas are invited to submit papers up to 4 pages (not including references) in the two-column (landscape) Extended Abstract Format that CHI workshops have traditionally used. Templates: [Overleaf] [Word] [PDF]

Submissions are single-blind reviewed; i.e., submissions must include the author’s names and affiliation. The workshop's organizing and program committees will review the submissions and accepted papers will be presented at the workshop. We ask that at least one of the authors of each accepted position paper attends the workshop. Presenting authors must register for the workshop and at least one full day of the conference.

Submissions must be original and relevant contributions to the workshop's theme. Each paper should directly and explicitly address how it speaks to the workshops goals and themes. Pro-tip: direct mapping to a question or goal posed above will help. We are looking for position papers that take a well-justified stance and can generate productive and lively discussions during the workshop. Examples include, but not limited to, position papers that include research summaries, literature reviews, industrial perspectives, real-world approaches, study results, or work-in-progress research projects. Submissions are non-archival and will not be part of any official proceedings. They will likely be hosted on the website in line with what we have done for past years.

We aim to have global and diverse participation in the workshop given its hybrid (virtual-first) design format reduces visa or travel-related burdens,. With an effort towards equitable conversations, we welcome participation from under-represented perspectives and communities in XAI (e.g., lessons from the Global South, civil liberties and human rights perspectives, etc.)
Submission pro tips:

1. Explicitly align your submission with the workshop's goals and topics. How? (a) Refer to the questions in the Call for Papers. (b) Read the workshop proposal

2. Engage with past submissions (build on, don't repeat). This year, we are putting extra emphasis on how authors are building on prior papers in this workshop. All papers are available on the website. Please engage with them, and build on them. 

3. Position papers must make a well-justified argument, not just summarize findings. This means that even if you are summarizing findings, make an argument around that summarization and justify why that argument (position) is something that is discussion-worthy and valuable to the community.

Submit Paper

Download the workshop proposal 

Call for Videos

The Sanities and Insanities of XAI: Provocations & Evocations
Are explanations for end users a good or bad idea? What can go wrong when decision-makers wrongly interpret explanations when deciding on policy? How long can a team of pilots discuss an explanation before hitting the ground? How will our world look in 100 years, with or without explainable AI?

For the second time, we host a dedicated video track at our HCXAI workshop. Submissions do not need deep scientific grounding but should address provocative ideas or important questions relevant to the XAI community (for example, design fiction, speculative design, or other creative ideas).

Submissions guidelines:

60-90 second video (full HD, mp4, 100MB max)A 150-word abstract describing the contents


Do our papers need to be dealing with explanations generated by an AI system to be applicable?
Not necessarily; in fact, we encourage an end-to-end perspective. So if there are aspects that we aren't currently considering in the way we conceptualize explainability and you want to highlight that, that could be an interesting discussion point. E.g., if there is an upstream aspect (such as dataset preparation) that could have a downstream effect (such as explanation generation) but is not currently considered, that'd be a fair contribution. The goal is to connect explainability in many facets and devise ways of operationalizing HC-perspectives of explainability.

Do papers need to have prior work or can they be early work or have a case study?
Case studies or new takes on lit review are fine as long as there is a clear line to human-centered perspectives and explainability.

Can I submit a paper describing a potential dissertation idea?
Absolutely! We encourage you to discuss planned and future work at the workshop, but please provide a scientifically grounded proposal with a focus on research questions and methodologies. Still, be aware that your ideas are then publicly discussed.
Can I attend the workshop if I do not have an accepted paper?
As of now, the short answer is no. You need an accepted paper to attend the workshop. However, once all submissions are reviewed, the organizing committee will discuss the possibility of opening the workshop to those without accepted papers. Our goal is to strike the right balance between the size of the workshop, interactivity, and the depth of discussions. Please keep a close eye on the website of an update.

I am a non-academic practitioner. How may I join the workshop?
Regardless of your background, you will need an accepted paper to be first invited to the workshop. If accepted, then you will register through the CHI conference. 

If accepted, do I need to pay to attend the workshop?
Yes, like all CHI workshops, there is a registration fee to attend. Everyone, including organizers, have to pay it.

Do you offer fee waivers?
Unfortunately, no. We'd love to offer fee waivers but do not have the financial budget to accommodate that. 


Upol Ehsan

Georgia Institute of Technology

Elizabeth Anne Watkins

 Princeton University

Philipp Wintersberger

University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria
TU Wien

Carina Manger

Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt

Sunnie S. Y. Kim

Princeton University

Niels van Berkel

Aalborg University

Andreas Riener

Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt

Mark Riedl

Georgia Institute of Technology



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